Puppy Smuggling & Brachycephalic Breeds

While learning about puppy farming in this last year or so a lot of things along with puppy farming have been brought to my attention that aren’t puppy farms such as extenuating features on dogs ( such as flat faced breeds) and puppy farms. In this blog post I will be talking about said problems. In this blog post I will be talking about Puppy Smuggling. I have looked on lots of different websites to answer these questions for you and all websites are linked below!
Q; What is Puppy Smuggling?
A; Underhand dealers import ‘designer’ breeds such as Pug puppies, Dachshund puppies, French Bulldog puppies, English Bulldog puppies and Chow Chow puppies. Pups are separated from their mothers when they are weeks old because they look smaller and cuter, and can be sold for lots of money, especially in the weeks before Christmas.
Breeders and vets in countries where puppies are born – in a well-oiled network of crime and deception – fake dogs’ documents so they can be imported. Some pups have no vaccinations at all, posing a serious health risk to people here.

Puppies travel in cramped and filthy conditions, sometimes for 30 hours at a time, with little food or water. Some puppies vomit and eat their own faeces during transport, whilst others die on the journey
Q: How do we tell if a dog has been smuggled?
A: Ask lots of questions such as an I see the mum and pups together? Can I see the environment the pups grew up in? if you are refused any of these things then don’t buy the dog. Also visit the dog’s multiple times. Walk away if you are unsure and report anything unusual to a rescue and the police. Don’t meet a puppy anywhere but the puppies home. Don’t buy a puppy from a breeder who can have multiple breeds on demand. Don’t buy a dog that looks too young or underweight.
https://www.dogstrust.org.uk/puppy-smuggling/ )

Flat faced breeds of dogs (brachycephalic dogs) and their problems
Q; What does brachycephalic mean?
A; The scientific word that vets use to describe short-nosed or flat-faced dogs is ‘brachycephalic’. This comes from two Greek words meaning ‘short’ and ‘head’.
Brachycephalic describes any dog whose muzzle looks like it has been flattened or squashed inwards. Their bottom jaw is disproportionately longer than their upper jaw, and the dog may look as though their lower jaw sticks out.

Q; what problems do they get?
A; Breathing problems
Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) – also known as brachycephalic syndrome – is common in flat-faced dogs. The ability to breathe normally is commonly a struggle for dogs with this syndrome.
Heart problems
Shortened and narrowed airways result in laboured breathing meaning that these dogs constantly struggle to cope with a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream.
This puts a strain on the dog’s heart and makes them more susceptible to secondary heart problems.
Tooth problems
Dog breeds have been selectively bred over many generations to meet certain characteristics, and those bred to have a shortened upper jaw still have the same number of teeth as those of their species with longer snouts (adult dogs have 42 teeth).
Because they have to fit these teeth into a much smaller area, their teeth can overlap, increasing the risk of decay and gum disease.
Skin and ear problems
The shape of their heads means that these dogs often have deep skin folds around their eyes and narrowed ear canals.
These are poorly ventilated which tends to encourage yeast infections so these areas can become very sore.
Eye problems
Many of these dogs have prominent eyes so their tear film doesn’t spread properly and they are very vulnerable to injury.
They easily develop ulcers on the eye which can easily result in loss of an eye if untreated.
Mating and giving birth
High numbers of some brachycephalic breeds struggle to give birth naturally.
English and French bulldogs commonly need Caesarean sections when their pups are ready to be born because selective breeding has caused a mismatch between the puppies’ large heads and the mothers’ birth canal. Vets call this ‘dystocia due to foetal-pelvic disproportion’.
While some bulldogs are able to give birth naturally, 86 per cent of English bulldog puppies, and over 80 per cent of French bulldog puppies, are delivered by C-section in the UK (Evans and Adams, 2010).
Without assisted births, these bulldog mothers would likely die in pain during the birth and their offspring are unlikely to survive, too.
Caesareans are major operations for any dog, but the risk increases for dogs who suffer from brachycephalic-related breathing problems.
Neurological problems
Brachycephalic breeds can suffer from neurological (brain) problems because of their generally compressed skull shape.
Syringomyelia is the most common of these; this is a painful condition where cavities or cysts form in the spinal cord. It is most often seen in Cavalier King Charles spaniels.
https://www.bluecross.org.uk/pet-advice/things-think-about-buying-flat-faced-dog )

Both of these things come along with puppy farms as sometimes puppy farms aren’t ‘stocked’ enough with dogs so have to bring more dogs in from other places. And brachycephalic breeds are promoted by puppy farms as some times the more wrinkling ( brachycephalic ) the breeds are the cuter they are so the more people would want to buy the dogs so the more money they would get.

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